Alesha Castillo ,

  • Assistant Professor of Biomedical Engineering, and Orthopaedic Surgery


Alesha Castillo

Dr. Castillo's research focuses on interactions between mechanobiological cues and musculoskeletal systems, with consideration given at the molecular, cellular, and tissue levels. 

Research Interests
musculoskeletal biomechanics, mechanobiology, regeneration, and stem cell biology, with work grounded in engineering tools and analyses, state-of-the-art cell and molecular biology, and translational medicine

Journal Articles

Selected Publications:

  • Castillo AB, Blundo JT, Chen JC, Lee KL, Yereddi NR, Jang E, Kumar S, Tang WJ, Zarrin S, Jacobs CR. Focal adhesion kinase plays a role in osteoblast mechanotransduction in vitro but does not affect load-induced bone formation in vivo. PLoS One. 2012;7(9):e43291. PubMed PMID: 23028449; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3448625.
  • Leucht P, Temiyasathit S, Russell A, Argüello J, Jacobs CR, Helms JA, Castillo AB. CXCR4 antagonism attenuates load-induced periosteal bone formation in mice. J Orthop Res. 2013 Nov;31(11):1828-38. PubMed PMID: 23881789.
  • Castillo AB, Triplett JW, Pavalko FM, Turner CH. Estrogen receptor-β regulates mechanical signaling in primary osteoblasts. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2014 Apr 15;306(8):E937-44. PubMed PMID: 24619882; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3989741.
  • Norman SC, Wagner DW, Beaupre GS, Castillo AB. Comparison of three methods of calculating strain in the mouse ulna in exogenous loading studies. J Biomech. 2015 Jan 2;48(1):53-8. PubMed PMID: 25443882.

Other Publications

  • Robling AR, Castillo AB, Turner CH. (2006) Biomechanical and Molecular Regulation of Bone Remodeling. Annual Review of Biomedical Engineering Volume 8, pages 6.1-6.44 (PMID: 16834564).
  • Jacobs CR, Temiyasathit S, Castillo AB. (2010) Osteocyte Mechanobiology and Pericellular Mechanics. Annual Review of Biomedical Engineering, Volume 12, pages 369-400 (PMID: 20617941).
  • Castillo AB, Jacobs CR. (2010) Mesenchymal Stem Cell Mechanobiology. Current Osteoporosis Reports 8:98-104 (PMID: 20425617).
  • Castillo AB and Jacobs CR. (2011) Skeletal Mechanobiology. In: Mechanobiology Handbook. J. Nagatomi (Ed.), CRC Press, Boca Raton. Volume 9, pages 179-228. ISBN: 978-1-4200-9121-2.
  • Chen JC, Castillo AB, Jacobs CR. (2013) Cellular and Molecular Mechanotransduction in Bone In: Osteoporosis, 4th Edition. R. Marcus (Ed.), Academic Press, Waltham, MA. Volume 1, Chapter 20, pages 453-475. ISBN: 978-0-12-415853-5.

  • NYU Center for Skeletal and Craniofacial Biology
  • Biomedical Engineering Society
  • Orthopaedic Research Society
  • American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
  • Tissue Engineering International & Regenerative Medicine Society
  • International Bone & Mineral Society
  • International Society for Stem Cell Research

  • Alice L. Jee Young Investigator Award, Sun Valley Hard Tissue Workshop (2003)
  • Stanford Center on Longevity Postdoctoral Fellowship Award (2007)
  • American Society for Bone and Mineral Research Young Investigator Award (2007)
  • Career Development Award-2, Department of Veterans Affairs (2009)
  • CSURM Fellowship, Gordon Research Conference (2010)
  • Member-Elect, Orthopaedic Research Society Nominating Committee (2015)

Angiogenesis in skeletal repair, (PI)

NYU Clinical and Translational Science Institute, 10/15 to 03/16

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Mechanical stimulation in skeletal repair, (PI)

AO Foundation (Switzerland), 05/15 to 04/16


Regulatory mechanisms in load-induced bone formation, (PI)

Department of Veterans Affairs, 06/15 to 05/19


Visualization of mouse vasculature for the study of angiogenesis in bone repair, (PI)

NYU CSCB, 04/15 to 03/16

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Research Centers, Labs, and Groups